Examination malpractices are usually referred to as wrongdoings before, throughout or after examinations. And, without mincing words, these are having showing, bad effects on the nation’s quality of knowledge, only as numerous school leavers and graduates can no longer defend their certificates. As threatening as that endemic development may seem, urgent measures have to be used for the cankerworm to not destroy the nation’s future fully before extended: it’s also critical to be neglected. And, this is really, still another cogent reason Nigeria wants moral renaissance and price regeneration in most areas of its national life.
How can one identify what an examination malpractice is? In accordance with Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is defined because the “significant and unprecedented abuse of rules and rules pertaining to inner and public examinations, beginning from the setting of such examinations through the using of the examinations, their tagging and grading, to the discharge of the outcome and the issuance of certificates.” In an identical vein, an academic has tried yet another explanation of this unbridled sensation as “the act of omission or commission supposed to create a student pass examination without relying positively on his/her separate capacity or resources.”
Particular research results, results, instructive and educated submissions of educationalists, academics, and other prime stakeholders in this unique sector of the nation’s economy, but, have suggested that there have been one type of examination malpractice or another before because in the first 1970s when “mass cheating was initially perpetrated in WAEC” (West African Examinations Council).
Possibly, that realisation jolted the examination body at the extra school level to study really, various manifestations and extent with this retrogressive inclination 2020 Jamb runz. It apparently, categorised different types of examination malpractice as including providing in international components to exam halls, unpredictable actions inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, loss, mass cheating and insult/assault on supervisors all through exams.
Other types of exam malpractices determined by WAEC contain support of individuals by invigilators to answer or have concept to difficult ideas, while some invigilators also go to the extent of addressing some elements of the problem for prospects, irrespective of other kinds as “giraffing, contraband, bullet, super printing, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros.”
However, what has occurred to the emergency of the country’s education program from that point until this day? Unfortunately, in the extended 21st Century, examination malpractices of varying sorts, types and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and become a national problem. The unbecoming inclination voraciously, continues to consume strong in to the cultural material, from the comfort of major schools to tertiary institutions of learning over the Nigerian Federation. It is no surprise then, that the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), of recent, passionately requested the National Assembly to declare circumstances of crisis in the knowledge field to be able to consciously revamp the lost glory of the once flourishing industry.
While several stakeholders in the industry however, genuinely believe that the common malaise the training market is not just perpetrated by the pupils alone, but also with the productive connivance of different stakeholders, including teachers, security agents, exam invigilators, models, supervisors, and the like, examination malpractices have equally been identified by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the discouraging development as “perennial and institutionalised multibillion Naira business”, which some depraved individuals, organizations and institutions feed fat in the united states at the time of now.
But then, a essential problem any honest-minded Nigerians need to ask themselves as of this point is: How did Nigeria get to this decadent state in its education industry? Just like some significant stakeholders and authorities severally, have expressed honest considerations about the continuous injury continual examination malpractices are causing on the state, several factors have now been advanced for this ugly development.